Mall management is slowly becoming a trend and is much sought after services in Asia and other markets. The world's largest malls with over 500,000 square metres (5,400,000 sq ft) of gross leasable area are in China, Thailand, The Philippines, more than half again as large as previous contenders such as the Dubai Mall. On the other hand, in some countries, many shopping centres less than half or a quarter of the size of the U.S. minimum to be considered a mall, 400,000 sq ft (37,000 m2), have "mall" in their names – see List of shopping centres in Namibia or List of shopping centres in Zambia for examples. Largest shopping mall in the Philippines outside Metro Manila. The term "mall" originally meant a pedestrian promenade with shops along it (that is, the term was used to refer to the walkway itself which was merely bordered by such shops), but in the late 1960s, it began to be used as a generic term for the large enclosed shopping centers that were becoming commonplace at the time. Many malls have declined considerably (especially in the United States and Canada), and some have closed and become so-called "dead malls".  To combat this trend, developers have converted malls into other uses including attractions such as parks, movie theaters, gyms, and even fishing lakes. , In the United States, in the mid-1990s, malls were still being constructed at a rate of 140 a year. This is an incomplete list of the world's largest shopping malls based on their gross leasable area (GLA), with a GLA of at least 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft). The challenge of this type of mall is to overcome the natural tendency of shoppers to move horizontally and encourage shoppers to move upwards and downwards. From 2006 to 2010, the percentage of malls that are considered to be "dying" by real estate experts (have a vacancy rate of at least 40%), unhealthy (20–40%), or in trouble (10–20%) all increased greatly, and these high vacancy rates only partially decreased from 2010 to 2014. , In the late 1950s and into the 1960s, the term "shopping mall" was first used, but in the original sense of the word "mall", that is, a pedestrian promenade (in U.K. usage a "shopping precinct"). Second largest shopping mall by number of stores after, Second largest shopping mall in Malaysia behind, Largest shopping mall in North America. In Canada, "shopping centre" is often used officially (as in Square One Shopping Centre), but conversationally, "mall" is mostly used. A common feature of shopping malls is a food court: this typically consists of a number of fast food vendors of various types, surrounding a shared seating area. 12 Best National & State Parks in Montana, 12 Best Things to Do in Glacier National Park. Out-of-town shopping developments in the UK are now focused on retail parks, which consist of groups of warehouse style shops with individual entrances from outdoors. In 2005, it turned into the world’s second-biggest shopping centre when South China Mall in Dongguan, China was finished. Retail at public transportation hubs including airside airport retail, Has characteristics of two or more shopping center types e.g. Supermarket, hypermarket, pharmacy, convenience store, household goods, etc.  Outside of North America, "shopping precinct" and "shopping arcade" are also used. , Not classified as malls are smaller formats such as strip malls and neighborhood shopping centers, and specialized format such as power centers, festival marketplaces, and outlet centers.. Shopping center management and advisory firms are bringing about professional management practices to the largely fragmented shopping center development industry in India.  The Australian mall company Westfield launched an online mall (and later a mobile app) with 150 stores, 3,000 brands and over 1 million products. Successful exceptions have added entertainment and experiential features, added big-box stores as anchors, or converted to other specialized shopping center formats such as power centers, lifestyle centers, factory outlet centers, and festival marketplaces.. , The suburban shopping center concept evolved further in the United States after World War II (see table above) with larger open-air shopping centers anchored by major department stores, such as the 550,000-square-foot (51,000 m2) Broadway-Crenshaw Center in Los Angeles built in 1947, anchored by a five-story Broadway and a May Company California. In physical configuration, anchor stores are normally located as far from each other as possible to maximize the amount of traffic from one anchor to another. It is estimated the total area covered by this shopping mall is about 420,000 square meters significantly. Partially open. The mall contains more than 1,200 shops including the world’s largest candy store, an ice rink, a SEGA game center (featuring a 3D bowling game), a 5 star … and others (Australia, etc.) SM Megamall in the Philippines, is the world's third-largest at 542,980 m2 (5,844,600 sq ft) of gross floor area. Europe: usually anchored by a multiplex cinema and also may include bowling, fitness. information technology, homewares/furniture. The world's second-largest shopping mall is the Golden Resources Mall in Beijing, China with a gross floor area of 680,000 m2 (7,300,000 sq ft). One controversial aspect of malls has been their effective displacement of traditional main streets or high streets. Tourists want to see what one of the world's biggest buildings looks like inside, and they are interested in seeing its entertainment and amusement facilities, accommodations, and …  The concept of a vertical mall was originally conceived in the late 1960s by the Mafco Company, former shopping center development division of Marshall Field & Co. When the shopping mall format was developed by Victor Gruen in the mid-1950s, signing larger department stores was necessary for the financial stability of the projects, and to draw retail traffic that would result in visits to the smaller stores in the mall as well.