The contingency theory of leadership was one of the first situational leadership theories. The answer is independent variables. The contingency theory explains that there are specific situational factors that can affect the direct relationships between independent and dependent variables in the study of organizational behavior. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The theory explains that there is not an exact science to organizational behavior. After finishing this lesson, you should be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. The theory explains that there is not an exact science to organizational behavior. Quiz & Worksheet - Contingency Theory in Organizational Behavior, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What Is Organizational Development? Robert Rescorla demonstrated that the pairing of a conditioned stimulus (CS) and unconditioned stimulus (UCS) does not always produce … Anyone can earn All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The contingency theory is a leadership theory developed by Fred Fiedler. Biopsychology | Log in here for access. Clinical | and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Companies need to use trial and error to see what variables provide the results needed. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Let's take a look at a real corporate example of how the contingency theory is significant to organizational behavior. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} An error occurred trying to load this video. Cheapo Toys needs to figure out what exactly is causing the employee turnover. If you don't plan to use any, give a detailed reason for not wanting to use any of the models. According to the contingency theory, independent variables will help improve the problems that Cheapo Toys is facing. 112 lessons flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Individual differences | Social | Certain leaders are effective in one situation but not in others, and it's therefore a situational theory in the meaning that there is no one best way of leading. Create your account. Already registered? Cheapo Toys wants to know what can affect worker productivity, turnover, absenteeism and job satisfaction. Educational | Common Core ELA Grade 7 - Speaking & Listening: Standards, Language in Context: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.3, Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 11: Mountain Building, Quiz & Worksheet - Absolute Value & Opposite Integers, Quiz & Worksheet - Integer Inequalities with Absolute Values, Quiz & Worksheet - The Two-Store Model of Memory, Quiz & Worksheet - Types of Information Transfer, Quiz & Worksheet - Fluid & Crystallized Intelligence, Still Life Drawings: Definition & Examples, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. Independent variables (x) are the cause of the change in the dependent variable, while dependent variables (y) are a response affected by an independent variable. The theory explains that there is … Certain leaders are effective in one situation but not in others, and it's therefore a situational theory in the … Companies have embraced the discipline of organizational behavior because the area of study can help them better understand employees in a work environment. TIP: The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, Organizational studies and human resource management, Fiedler's Contingency Theory of Leadership, https://psychology.wikia.org/wiki/Contingency_theory?oldid=26314. Fiedler uses three devices to determine the leader personality and the situation: Although this theory has its shortcomings (for instance it excludes training and experience as variables) it's the first and perhaps most popular situational theory to date. The contingency theory focuses on specific situational factors that can affect the direct relationships between independent and dependent variables. Fiedler’s Contingency Theory of Leadership states that your effectiveness as a leader is determined by how well your leadership style matches the situation. Contingency theory is a class of behavioral theory that claims that there is no best way to organize a corporation, to lead a company, or to make decisions.