Titan has a surface gravity of 0.138 g, slightly less than the Moon. The experiment of course goes wildly wrong, as Worthington's character is transformed into a violent and uncontrollable mutant before ever even fulfilling his mission of being sent to Titan. [8], The very high ratio of atmospheric density to surface gravity also greatly reduces the wingspan needed for an aircraft to maintain lift, so much so that a human would be able to strap on wings and easily fly through Titan's atmosphere while wearing a sort of spacesuit that could be manufactured with today's technology. According to Cassini data from 2008, Titan has hundreds of times more liquid hydrocarbons than all the known oil and natural gas reserves on Earth. The movie stars Sam Worthington as an Air Force pilot who is chosen to undergo a military experiment that will turn him into a superhuman capable of surviving on Titan; since the climate there is portrayed as far less hospitable than that of Earth. And they're continuing that trend with their next blockbuster, The Titan, which sees an attempt to colonize Titan, a moon of Saturn, after the Earth's resources become depleted. Additionally, strong evidence indicates that liquid methane exists on the surface. While this water can be used to generate breathable oxygen, more is blown into Titan's atmosphere from the geysers on the icy moon of Enceladus (also a moon of Saturn), as they start as water molecules and evolve into oxygen and hydrogen. Whil… The film doesn't really make the case that Titan could support human life; at least not without some modifications. 1. Evidence also indicates the presence of liquid water and ammonia under the surface, which are delivered to the surface by volcanic activity. At least one of these is larger than any of the Great Lakes in North America. Plus, the abundance of methane and other hydrocarbons on Titan offer a ton of energy-creating potential, so there's no shortage of resources for a long-term colonization project, according to NPR. Titan is far colder than Earth, with a surface temperature around -290 degrees F. At that temperature, you wouldn't last very long. Several hundred lakes and seas have been observed, with several dozen estimated to contain more hydrocarbon liquid than Earth's oil and gas reserves. That atmosphere would protect you from the damaging radiation that is constantly striking the surface of just about every other heavenly body in outer space. Saturn’s largest moon Titan is one of several candidates for possible future colonization of the outer Solar System. The movie never claims that human beings could just happily set up a new society on Titan without these superpowered transformations, and real world science seems to back up the film's position. In some ways it would actually be easier to live on Titan than Mars. Astronauts in Earth orbit have remained in microgravity for up to a year or more at a time. But could people really live on Titan, or is this purely the stuff of science fiction? They're filled with liquid methane and ethane instead of water, but still, its surface is much closer in structure to that of Earth than even Mars' surface, potentially making it a better candidate for human settlements. [1] "Titan is just covered in carbon-bearing material—it's a giant factory of organic chemicals", said Ralph Lorenz, who leads the study of Titan based on radar data from Cassini. [7] Nitrogen, methane and ammonia can all be used to produce fertilizer for growing food. As is, Titan could not support human life. But if you can find a way to get around the cold via a well-insulated space suit and equip yourself with an oxygen mask to solve the breathing issue, then Titan actually wouldn't be that bad of a place to live, all things considered. Under these conditions, you wouldn't need a pressurized suit to survive, according to space.com, and you'd hypothetically be OK as long as you solved the temperature and breathing problems. Radar images obtained on July 21, 2006 appear to show lakes of liquid hydrocarbon (such as methane and ethane) in Titan's northern latitudes. These effects are still an active field of study. On March 13, 2007, Jet Propulsion Laboratory announced that it found strong evidence of seas of methane and ethane in the northern hemisphere. Titan does have some attributes in its favor that actually make it the most hospitable place for humans in the outer solar system. They can include symptoms such as loss of bone density, loss of muscle density, and a weakened immune system. Titan has a solid, rocky surface like Earth, and it is the only place in the solar system other than Earth with such a thick atmosphere. Robert Zubrin, "Colonizing the Outer Solar System", in, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Titan's surface organics surpass oil reserves on Earth", "Cassini Spacecraft Images Seas on Saturn's Moon Titan", The Case for Mars: The Plan to Settle the Red Planet and Why We Must, Islands in the Sky: Bold New Ideas for Colonizing Space, Julian Nott - Titan: A Distant But Enticing Destination for Human Visitors, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colonization_of_Titan&oldid=990663050, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles that may contain original research from February 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Articles containing predictions or speculation, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Stephen L. Gillett, "Titan as the Abode of Life,", This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 20:15. [3] The lakes range in size from about a kilometer in width to one hundred kilometers across. "This vast carbon inventory is an important window into the geology and climate history of Titan." [6] Another theoretically possible means to become airborne on Titan would be to use a hot air balloon-like vehicle filled with an Earth-like atmosphere at Earth-like temperatures (because oxygen is only slightly denser than nitrogen, the atmosphere in a habitat on Titan would be about one third as dense as the surrounding atmosphere), although such a vehicle would need a skin able to keep the extreme cold out in spite of the light weight required. The same goes for the potential effects of low gravity on fetal and pediatric development. https://listverse.com/2016/07/03/10-moons-humans-could-colonize Netflix has been launching a barrage of new science-fiction content lately, with original series like Stranger Things and Altered Carbon and new movies such as The Cloverfield Paradox and Mute pretty much taking over the channel. Titan has no water, but some scientists wonder if life based on methane might live on Titan. Titan also has an atmosphere that's about 95 percent nitrogen and 5 percent methane, meaning it's not breathable for humans, who require oxygen. The atmosphere contains plentiful nitrogen and methane. Effective countermeasures for the negative effects of low gravity are well-established, particularly an aggressive regimen of daily physical exercise or weighted clothing. Sending one or more people on a one-way mission to Titan would involve many, many challenges that we have yet to master. Titan surface is protected from harmful solar radiation and galactic cosmic rays thanks to its thick atmosphere (unlike Mars, meaning we can live on the surface, not buried underground, and can go out and walk on the surface much more often and for much longer than on Mars, which should help at the psychological level); 2. It is the only moon known to have a dense atmosphere, and the only known body in space, other than Earth, where clear evidence of stable bodies of surface liquid has been found. [9], Proposed concepts for the human colonization of Titan. 2020 Bustle Digital Group. Titan is the largest moon of Saturn and the second-largest natural satellite in the Solar System. Findings from the study led by Ralph Lorenz, Cassini radar team member from the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, USA, are reported in the 29 January 2008 issue of the Geophysical Research Letters. It has been hypothesized that children born and raised in low gravity such as on Titan would not be well adapted for life under the higher gravity of Earth.