In the West, crepe gained popularity outside of mourning attire during the 19th century. The term crape typically refers to a form of the fabric associated specifically with mourning. While we have come a long way in improving the ways we make artificial fibers, every existing synthetic textile manufacturing process introduces xenoestrogens, petrochemicals, or other toxic substances into the biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. What different types of crepe fabric are there? 1. During periods of warfare and trade, Brits and Franks would often exchange cultural artifacts like crepe weave derivatives. 19th century silk warp and worsted, resembling a non-twill. Synthetic crepe may be more durable in some ways, but remember that most synthetic fabrics are highly flammable while many natural fibers, especially wool, are flame-resistant. An historic 19th century lightweight crêpe. What different types of crepe fabric are there? A crepe-surfaced plain weave silk or synthetic fabric with alternating S and Z twist yarns in both warp and weft. As another branded crepe type from the 1800s, Crepeline is noted for its incorporation of various modern textile production processes. Characteristics of Crepe Fabric ► It is thin and lightweight. This organization ensures that the silk it certifies is produced sustainably with adequate respect given equally to the mulberry trees, silkworms, and human beings who all come together to make the process happen. China is the world’s largest producer of synthetic textiles. Here is a small selection: Popular during the mid-19th century, this type of crepe has a distinctive gauze-like texture. At this point, there’s no such thing as a textile substance that doesn’t pollute, but natural fibers simply pollute less. Plisse crepe has been chemically treated to result in a puckered texture. ► It is soft, smooth, and has good drapability, giving graceful folds. When done right, silk production is a 100%-sustainable process that does no harm to the environment, though it may harm silk worms during the boiling that’s necessary to open the cocoon. Did you know we helped over 7000 brands find garment manufacturers and specialists and we can help you too... how? For instance, Crepe is still used by Orthodox Greek women for mourning, and various cultures of the Indian subcontinent incorporate crepe into their traditional garments. How does crepe fabric impact the environment? Other cultures around the world incorporate various types of crepe fabric into their textile manufacturing, and in some cases, traditional crepe fabric is still used that has been woven the same way for thousands of years. This substance is naturally secreted by silkworms, and these worms only need mulberry trees to survive. Crepe is a weaving or fabric treatment method that results in a unique rippling, three-dimensional texture. Additionally, alternating “S” and “Z” twists are used to give the yarn its distinctive bouncy texture. Crêpe, also spelt crepe or crape (from the Fr. Since the concept behind crepe is so simple, many cultures have adopted forms of this fabric at one stage of development or another. Plain-weave light silk or rayon cloths similar to flat crêpe. by Boris Hodakel crêpe ), is a silk, wool, or synthetic fiber fabric with a distinctively crisp, crimped appearance. It’s generally accepted that silk is one of the most sustainable fabrics in the world. Wool crepe is more durable than silk crepe, which means that it can be used in more heavy-duty clothing applications like sweaters and dresses. This intricate crepe design involves warp weaving with a reversed plain crepe design. Today, crepe is most commonly used in high fashion and other types of decorative apparel design. While China would probably like to be the world’s biggest exporter of wool as well, that title goes to its Indian Ocean neighbor, Australia. Crepe fabric made from silk or wool costs significantly more than synthetic crepe fabric. Many Indian silk producers, however, still make silk the way they have for countless generations, and Chinese factory owners are much more likely to produce their silk in subpar conditions. Connect with Boris on LinkedIn. One of the most common applications of crepe fabric is in dresses. Likewise, wool production is an inherently sustainable process, but since there are large animals involved, there are more opportunities for harmful manufacturing practices. China is the largest producer of silk by volume, but silk production plays a much more critical role in Indian culture than it does in the society of its communist East Asian neighbor. • November 29, 2020 • 10 min read. Appearance Polyester crepe is considered to be a thin fabric, though not necessarily sheer. These trees do not respond to fertilizers, and pesticides would kill the silkworms, which have their own mechanisms for repelling invaders. You could even go so far as to say that crepe fabric has lost its original meaning, and that’s fine. crêpe), is a silk, wool, or synthetic fiber fabric with a distinctively crisp, crimped appearance. It’s also possible to recycle wool textiles, and GRS provides certification under those circumstances as well. Crepe georgette is a thin, matte silk or silk-like fabric that drapes well and is very … Crepe Georgette. 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An English-made silk and cotton blend crêpe. A superior-quality black silk mourning crêpe used since 1862. If you must use synthetic textiles, try to source them from companies that use recycled materials and curtail their pollution as much as possible. He is passionate about e-commerce, marketing and production digitisation. Calvin Klein Collection - Crepe and Ribbed-Knit Dress - Black. This intricate crepe design involves warp weaving with a reversed plain crepe design. Brands using Sewport usually save around 60% on start-up costs. This page was last edited on 6 August 2020, at 07:14. The soft hand and fluid drape, Polyester Crepe Fabric offers a gorgeous flowy look that is ideal for summer dresses, tunics, and evening wear. , https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crêpe_(textile)&oldid=971451803, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A wide variety of different processes may be used to make the base textiles used in crepe fabric. Since China is the biggest producer of textiles in general, it makes sense that this country produces the most silk. Crepe (alt. Crepe has a creased or grain surface which has small folds or ridges and can be made from several different materials. The term crape typically refers to a form of the fabric associated specifically with mourning. Bauté satin. Our modern definition of crepe is more fitting, and it supports the use of organic, safe textile products whenever possible. Crepe yarn is made with a process called hard twisting, which involves twisting the textile fibers used in yarn manufacture much tighter than usual. Crepe fabric has long since lost its immediate association with mourning attire, which has allowed the use of this textile to expand outside of its traditional uses. Most major textile producers around the world make some form of fabric with a crepe weave, which makes it more effective to look at where the base materials are made when you want to know where crepe fabric is produced. It’s a popular French crepe variety that’s still widely used today.  Crêpe is also historically called crespe or crisp. The only distinctive feature of this type of textile is its weave, so whether it’s with natural or synthetic fibers, designers and textile manufacturers have found a myriad of different ways to create an effect that can be agreed-upon as being “crepe.”. Once the crepe yarn has been manufactured, it may be dyed, treated, and spun into garments. In some cases, the production of finished crepe products may occur at the same facility where the yarn is spun, but usually, the work is split between two separate firms.