Many were poor peasants looking for the American Dreamin unskilled manual labor in mills, mines, and factories. During the Gilded Age, immigration became a significant socioeconomic factor in the nation’s development, more so than in any time period before it. Previous: Gilded Age Industry & Labor. Various documents such as bills and letters from the time period, as well as scholarly books and articles which showcase a similar argument from a different perspective. But Americans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries faced a flood of immigration that makes today’s issues look modest in comparison. These final two groups had the largest impact on gilded age politics, economics, and culture and therefore were the most significant in … The influx of urban workers helped boom industry & modernize cities, but also led to horrible working & living conditions, … The northeast, in fact, was a hotspot for immigrant settlement, as it contained an incredibly high number of foreign-born migrants compared to the overall population of the country. The Gilded Age’s Crisis of Immigration. Also, American life had been built on the idea of a frontier in the west, constantly expanding and providing new opportunities. This is partly because they were quite different from Americans, primarily due to faith; Irish were Catholics and Americans, by and large, adhered to some form or other of Protestantism. Millions of “new immigrants” swarmed to the U.S. from Eastern & Southern Europe, swelling American cities. The period saw tremendous increases in the volume of immigrants, in their original locations and ethnic compositions, and in the beginnings of anti-immigration legislation. Many immigrants, contrary to popular belief, were not in the bottom of their original country’s socioeconomic class. Unit 10: Gilded Age Immigration, Urbanization & Reform. Ashkenazim (German Jews) Jews immigrated to the united states in multiple waves from different parts of Europe. How many of them stayed and how many of them returned? The life of an immigrant coming into America was one filled with massive economic hardships and social unrest. Chinese and Asian migrants, entering from the west, posed an unfortunately perceived threat to that frontier. For all the great changes immigration brought to the country, this website will explore how the rapid growth of immigration in America during the Gilded Age lead to a greatly divided society in the workplace, racially and in the lifestyle of people in America at the time. This was aided by the high level of urbanization among Irish immigrants, as most of them elected to remain in cities they had originally arrived in. There were so many immigrants that were of perfect working age there were a lot of people to employ. Chain migration was especially common; essentially, migration wherein certain individuals came to America following other acquaintances and subsequently bonded with them upon arrival, a repeating cycle. Complications exist when studying survey data from the time due to the interwoven characteristics of immigrants (for example, an Irish catholic immigrating from England) makes it difficult to pinpoint holistic generalizations about immigrant groups. Chinese migrants came in flocks to do much of industrialization’s dirty work in the west. The period saw tremendous increases in the volume of immigrants, in their original locations and ethnic compositions, and in the beginnings of anti-immigration legislation. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Even so, women became core assets to factory production in later years, so this conjecture is actually not greatly supported. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Between 1877 and 1890 alone, a total of 6.3 million new arrivals entered the United States. At the root of this divide is Immigration. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Many Americans felt high levels of animosity towards immigrants coming into what they felt was their country and that animosity spilled over not only into the workplace, but various social environments as well. Over the years, because more and more immigrants came here due to the fast development, started being discriminated and usually, they … All Rights Reserved. The Gilded Age was one of the most crucial and important times in American History. They often paid for transport to America or were supported by family, friends, and prospective employers there. They built railroads, engaged in mining, cleared land, and pioneered significant agricultural efforts. Nevertheless, it stands that approximately 13 million immigrants entered America from 1866-1900, prompting a whole series of questions: who were they? Irish communities, interested in their own well being but not so much national affairs, came to dominate both municipal politics through their flooding numbers and the Roman Catholic Church through their adherence to a faith not as common in America as it had been where they had come from. The first were Sephardic Jews, who came as early as 1730. This project will focus more on the other two groups who arrived in the 19 th and 20 th centuries. The Germans, for example, came to populate the “German Triangle” created by Milwaukee, St. Louis, and Cincinnati; Irish communities integrated themselves with urban life in much of the northeast. Ironically, this same belief came to accept those foreign-born migrants from Europe as being parts of America just as easily as it decried Chinese migrants who had come for similar purposes, more or less on the principle that they were simply different. The industrial revolution created jobs in Eastern factories. Few immigrants went to the po… Still, Irish workers, often unskilled, came to dominate much of their trade and practices. Many were benefiting from the changes going on around the time, however many were not.