[51][107], In his testimony at the court hearing, Clanton said that Earp did not want to capture the men but to kill them. [198] Wyatt had some modest success with the Happy Days gold mine,[54] and they lived on the slim proceeds of income from that and oil wells in Oakland and Kern County. Wyatt was appointed constable in his place. In the chapter about the shootout, the manuscript includes 109 uses of "CRACK". Three days after Morgan’s murder, Frank Stillwell, one of the suspects in the murder, was found dead in a Tucson, Arizona, rail yard. He persuaded biographer Stuart N. Lake years later to omit it from his book Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal. [202], When the Welsh family moved to Los Angeles, the Earps accepted an invitation to stay with them for a while in their top-floor apartment until the Earps found a place to rent. The tension came to a head between the Earps and the Cowboys on Wednesday, October 26, 1881. [74] Johnson later testified in the election hearing and said that the ballots had been left in the care of Ike Clanton's brother Phineas. [120] Earp's posse wasn't found by the local posse, led by Cochise County Sheriff John Behan, although Behan's party trailed them for many miles. "She didn't go to his funeral, even. [68]:119[70] On December 27, 1880, Earp testified that White's shooting was accidental. [20], Earp tried to persuade his good friend, well-known cowboy movie star William S. Hart, to help set the record straight about his life and get a movie made. To those who knew him well he was a genial companion. [135]:275–298, The Coeur d'Alene mining venture died out by 1887, so Earp and Josephine went to San Diego, California where the railroad was about to arrive and a real estate boom was underway. Ike Clanton fell at the first fire, mortally wounded, but he rolled over and fired two shots from his pistol between his bent knees. Curly Bill fired at Wyatt with a shotgun but missed. [172][183], On July 6, 1900, Wyatt's brother Warren was shot and killed in a saloon in Willcox, Arizona. [51][112][113], Ike Clanton filed murder charges against the Earps and Holliday on October 30. John Shown's wife Anna claimed that Earp and Kennedy got her husband drunk and then threatened his life to persuade him to help. Considerable portions of it are either full of admiration and flattery or hostile debunking. In the middle of April 1882, the Earp posse left the Arizona Territory and headed east into New Mexico Territory and then into Colorado. Ed Morrison and another two dozen cowboys rode into Dodge that summer and shot up the town, galloping down Front Street. Wyatt had been deputized by Virgil a few days prior as a temporary assistant marshal and Morgan was a deputy city marshal. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. In late December 1881, the Clantons and McLaurys launched their vendetta with a shotgun ambush of Virgil Earp; he survived, but lost the use of his left arm. [134] The gambler abandoned her in Arizona, so she moved to Pinal City, Arizona where she resumed life as a prostitute. [126][127][128], The posse left the Cowboys behind and rode north to the Percy Ranch, but they weren't welcomed by Hugh and Jim Percy, who feared the Cowboys; they left around 3 AM on March 27 after a meal and some rest. When they returned north, Wyatt was offered a job as the marshal in Wrangell, Alaska, but he served for only 10 days. [97] In the 1887 San Diego City Directory, he was listed as a capitalist or gambler. The lot was narrow between the Harwood House and Fly's Boarding House and Photography Studio; the two parties were initially only about 6 to 10 feet (1.8 to 3.0 m) apart. Morgan was clipped by a shot across his back that nicked both shoulder blades and a vertebra. [90][165] It was widely believed that no foul had occurred and that Earp had bet on Sharkey. [133], Earp dealt faro at Masterson's saloon for several weeks, then left for Gunnison, Colorado, in May 1882 with McMaster, Vermillion, and Warren Earp. He was more intelligent, better educated, and far better mannered than the majority of his associates, which probably did not help them to understand him. He also reproduced the handbill in The Tombstone Epitaph on July 30, 1880. With a Derby hat and a pair of tan shoes, he was a figure to catch a lady's eye ...[202]. [191], After Tonopah's gold strike waned, they moved in 1905 to Goldfield, Nevada, where his brother Virgil and his wife were living. The anonymous reporter described Wyatt in detail: Wyatt Earp, a man whose trigger finger had considerable to do in making the border history of the West, was in Denver for several days last week. This began to change only after his death when the extremely flattering biography Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal was published in 1931, becoming a bestseller and creating his reputation as a fearless lawman. [17], Nicholas and Virginia Earp's last child, Adelia, was born in June 1861 in Pella. He wore  ... a neat gray tailor-made suit, immaculate linen and fashionable neckwear. He always lived on the outer fringe of respectable society, and his closest companions were gamblers and sporting men  ... Wyatt never set down roots in any one place; when the money stopped coming in or his problems became too great, he would pull up stakes and move on to the next boomtown  ... For his entire life was a gamble, an effort to make money without working hard for it, to succeed quickly without ever settling in for the long haul. He was game to the last ditch and apparently afraid of nothing. Waters detested the Earps so badly that he presented a book that was terribly flawed, poorly edited, and brimming with prevarications. Earp did not believe in divorce and therefore refused, but she ran away with the gambler anyway. In 1926, writer Adela Rogers St. Johns met the elderly Earp for the first time. [251] After Earp's death on January 13, 1929, Josephine continued to try to persuade Lake to leave her and Earp's former wife, Mattie Blaylock, out of the book, even threatening legal action. [259] He is "a cultural icon, a man of law and order, a mythic figure of a West where social control and order were notably absent". [13] Wyatt had seven full siblings — James, Virgil, Martha, Morgan, Baxter Warren, Virginia, and Adelia — as well as an elder half-brother, Newton, from his father's first marriage. He is dignified, self-contained, game and fearless, and no man commands greater respect  ... "[220] He weighed about 165 to 170 pounds (75 to 77 kg), was long-armed, and muscular, and was very capable of using his fists instead of his weapon to control those resisting his authority.[221]. [119] Wyatt and 5 other federal lawmen were indicted for murdering him, and Tucson Justice of the Peace, Charles Meyer, issued warrants for their arrest.[124][125]:126. His role in history has stimulated considerable ongoing scholarly and editorial debate. [24] Wyatt felt that he could not rely on civil justice and decided to take matters into his own hands[24] to kill the murderers himself. His wife Josephine wrote, "The falsehoods that were printed in some of the newspapers about him and the unjust accusations against him hurt Wyatt more deeply than anything that ever happened to him during my life with him, with the exception of his mother's death and that of his father and brother, Warren. Two years before his death, Earp defended his decisions before the gunfight at the O.K. [52] Despite having received very little information from Earp, Lake wrote the biography in the first person. The Earps ordered the cowboys out of town and they were preparing to leave when they were waylaid and a gun battle followed during which Virgil Earp was shot in the leg, Morgan Earp in the shoulder and Ike Clanton was killed. [230] The Dawson Record commented on the story, mocking the newspaper as a "venerable dispenser of truth". He continued to race horses, but he could no longer afford to own them by 1896, so he raced them on behalf of the owner of a horse stable in Santa Rosa which he managed. In March 1849[14] or in early 1850,[15] Nicholas Earp joined about 100 other people in a plan to relocate to San Bernardino County, California, where he intended to buy farmland. [184], Earp arrived in Seattle with a plan to open a saloon and gambling room. [41]:209, Earp was embarrassed on January 9, 1876, when he was sitting with friends in the back room of the Custom House Saloon and his single-action revolver fell out of its holster and discharged when the hammer hit the floor.