Here, ‘when’ functions as a ‘dependent marker word’; this term refers to words which, when added to the beginnings of independent clauses or sentences, transform them into dependent clauses. Dependent clauses can become more complex if we add subjects, objects, and modifying phrases: Like independent clauses, a dependent clause can also be complex. Dependent clauses, thus, need to be combined with independent clauses to form full sentences. Jim read a book, he really enjoyed the book. If my mom is niceWhat happens if mymom is nice? A clause can be dependent because of the presence of a: Dependent clauses MUST be joined to another clause, in order to avoid creating a sentence fragment. It does not express a complete thought so it is not a sentence and can't stand alone. 3. What happened when Ram went to the shop? They can stand alone and express a complete thought. A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. Some sentences will have two independent clauses, when this happens a semicolon is needed before the independent marker word. It can basically be a name of a person, place, idea, or thing. Noun Clause. Independent clauses are clauses that express a complete thought. The above sentence contains two clauses. Dictionary Thesaurus Examples ... For more examples of dependent clauses, check out Examples of Dependent Clauses. A complete thought was expressed - something was said, and the reader now knows that Jim likes to read. They are usually marked by dependant marker words. Understanding the difference and importance of the two can help vastly improve our style of writing. WhenIpicked a flower for youWhat happened when Ipicked the flower? An action or predicate: It gives information on what the subject is doing. Here are 23 examples of independent clauses that can stand alone as a sentence: I enjoy sitting by the fireplace and reading. Would love your thoughts, please comment. This is not a complete thought or sentence. A brief independent clause vs. dependent clause comparison is highlighted below with suitable examples. When you join a dependent clause to an independent clause, you are not joining equals. Joseph is a good soccer player. They can function as sentences. Here, the error is corrected. Jim is the subject, read is the action, book is the object. …, Adjectives that start with B! 2. An independent clause is a sentence. (The terms are interchangeable.) For more examples of dependent clauses, check out Examples of Dependent Clauses. When two independent clauses are joined only be a comma, it is a grammatical error called a comma splice. 4. To combine two independent clauses (complete sentences), use a semicolon or a comma and conjunction. As an English teacher motivated by giving students the tools they need to become highly literate, you understand the importance dependent and independent clauses within different sentences. Reference Menu. They have an action or predicate - they tell the reader what the subject is doing. Our planets revolve around the sun. As an English teacher motivated by giving students the tools they need to become highly literate, you understand the importance dependent and independent clauses within different sentences. The important thing to remember is that the dependent clause does not stand on its own as a complete thought. This is not a complete thought or sentence. Adverbial Clause. While my teacher taughtme to readWhat happened whilemy teacher taught me to read? When Should the Seasons …, The Hyphen (-): Definition, Usage with Useful …, Ellipsis: How to Use Ellipses Correctly in …, 300+ Interesting Adjectives That Start with C …, 300 Useful Adjectives That Start with B …. A complete thought is expressed. Marker Word (Before, after, because, since, in order to, although, though, whenever, wherever, whether, while, even though, even if). Clauses are the building blocks of sentences. Independent Clauses are complete sentences. Independent Clause. For more examples of independent clauses, check out Examples of Independent Clauses. Dependent Clauses contain a subject and a predicate, but they do not express a complete thought. Marker Word (because, after, before, since, in order to, although, though, whenever, wherever, whether, while, even though, even if, etc. It does not need to be joined to any other clauses, because it contains all the information necessary to be a complete sentences. Independent Clauses Examples . Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. You see, writing a simple sentence and a complex sentence are two different things, with the latter being a lot more challenging than the former. For example: ‘Ram left to buy supplies‘ is an independent clause, and if you end it with a full stop, it becomes a sentence. 1. However, they MUST be joined using the proper punctuation. Learn useful list of adjectives …, In punctuation, the ellipsis refers to the repetition of three …. Remember that a sentence has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. Jim read a book; he really enjoyed the book. Viz. Following are two sets of clauses. They do not need to be joined to other clauses, because they contain all the information required to be a complete sentence. A subject: It gives information on what the sentence is about. When Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz, it was very noisy. A lesson that explains the difference between independent clauses and dependent clauses. For example: ‘When Ram left to buy supplies, Rohan snuck in and stole the money’ is a complete sentence.