Hardwoods shed their leaves over a period of time in autumn and winter. by Eric Meier. The denser a wood is, the harder, stronger, and more durable it is. Pine trees are considered a softwood tree, which means the wood is softer than hardwood varieties. Softwoods have a wide range of applications and are found in building components (e.g., windows, doors), furniture, medium-density fiberboard (MDF), paper, Christmas trees, and much more. Web. Thick x 5-1/8 in. Most softwoods have a lower density than most hardwoods. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. Hardwood comes from angiosperm — or flowering plants — such as oak, maple, or walnut, that are not monocots. Pine is not a hardwood. Softwood is typically less expensive compared to hardwood. Softwoods contain more glucomannans than hardwoods, while hardwoods contain more xylans. In softwoods, medullary rays and tracheids transport water and produce sap. Softwoods have a wide range of applications and are found in building components (e.g., windows, doors), furniture, medium-density fiberboard (MDF), paper, Christmas trees, and much more. The chart below shows the density of some commonly used woods. thanks this really helped with my homework. Wide x Random Length Solid Hardwood Flooring (23.3 sq. thx for helping me with my science fair project!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Not quite. There are differences between the physical structures of hardwoods and softwoods. Wide x Random Length Solid Hardwood Flooring (23.3 sq. ft. / case). However, solid hardwood joinery is expensive compared to softwood and most hardwood doors, for instance, now consist of a thin veneer bonded to MDF, a softwood product. The pores in hardwoods are a lot of what gives hardwood its prominent grain, which is quite different from softwood's light grain. Wide x Random Length Solid Hardwood Flooring (23.3 sq. About 80% of all timber comes from softwood. The wood from conifers is classified as softwood because, with a few exceptions, it's softer than the wood from deciduous trees, which is classified as hardwood. Softwood comes from gymnosperm trees, usually evergreen conifers, like pine or spruce. Hardwoods have vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood; under a microscope, these elements appear as pores. This is usually visible at both microscopic level and at the surface — hardwoods tend to have broad leaves, while softwoods tend to have needles and cones. There’s quite a range in density and strength when it comes to the Pinus genus. It comes from a coniferous tree, which is one that has needles instead of leaves and is green all year round—in other words, an evergreen . If you read this far, you should follow us: "Hardwood vs Softwood." Pines are one of the most commonly used softwoods. ft. / case), Antiqued Natural Pine 3/4 in. Most hardwoods have a higher density than most softwoods. Classifying wood as either a hardwood or softwood comes down to its physical structure and makeup, and so it is overly simple to think of hardwoods as being hard and durable compared to soft and workable softwoods. Hardwoods are generally far more resistant to decay than softwoods when used for exterior work. As such, they make up the bulk of all wood used in the world, with about 80% of all timber being a softwood. Wide x Random Length Solid Hardwood Flooring (23.3 sq. Thick x 5-1/8 in. Thick x 5-1/8 in. For this reason, hardwoods are more likely to be found in high-quality furniture, decks, flooring, and construction that needs to last. This is impressive considering hardwoods are much more common in the world than softwoods. Hardwoods have vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood; under a microscope, these elements appear as pores. When viewed under a microscope, softwoods have no vi… hardwoods are more likely to be found in high-quality furniture, decks. How To Install Solid Hardwood Flooring Project Guide, Need Help? Hardwood is typically more expensive than softwood. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: [email protected] All Rights Reserved. ft. / case) Though hardwoods are often more expensive and sometimes more challenging to work with, their upside is that most — though not all — are denser, meaning many hardwoods will last longer than softwoods. Antiqued Natural Pine 3/4 in. As evidenced by the table above, alder and balsa are soft hardwoods, while juniper and yew are hard softwoods. Examples of softwood trees are cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew. < >. This happens to be generally true, but there are exceptions, such as in the cases of wood from yew trees — a softwood that is relatively hard — and wood from balsa trees — a hardwood that is softer than softwoods. In many cases, hardwoods and softwoods are both used for many of the same purposes, with more emphasis placed on the type of hardwood or softwood and how dense it is. Pine is pine, right? Softwoods tend to keep their needles throughout the year. Thanks a ton for this, you don't understand how much people really appreciate sites like this. Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Wood flooring is one of the easiest types of floors to install. Diffen LLC, n.d. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. This Home Depot guide provides step-by-step instructions to install solid hardwood flooring, Hand Scraped Roasted Pine 3/4 in. Thick x 5-1/8 in. There are differences between the physical structures of hardwoods and softwoods. This is usually visible at both microscopic level and at the surface — hardwoods tend to have broad leaves, while softwoods tend to have needles and cones. When viewed under a microscope, softwoods have no visible pores because tracheids do not have pores. 21 Nov 2020. In softwoods, medullary rays and tracheidstransport water and produce sap. Examples of hardwood trees include alder, balsa, beech, hickory, mahogany, maple, oak, teak, and walnut. Generally, though, softwoods are cheaper and easier to work with than hardwoods. Most hardwoods have a higher density than most softwoods. ft. / case), Hand Scraped Honey Dew Pine 3/4 in. Diffen.com.