[1] The first St. Louis Jain temple in the United States was built for the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904. Ethically prohibited from engaging in agriculture, over the years Jains have worked in business and professional trades. In 2016, the Jain Society and Rice University signed a memorandum of understanding to establish a post-doctoral fellowship in Jain studies.[15]. Adherents of Jainism first arrived in the United States in 1944. The Jain community in America, however, began only in the late 1960s as a response to the Immigration Act of 1965, which opened the door to wider immigration from Asia and especially encouraged the immigration of “members of the professions of exceptional ability and their spouses and children.” In addition to direct immigration from India to the U.S., there were many young people who had planned only temporary residency for study at American universities but decided to stay permanently. It is also estimated that about 70% of the Jains active in Jain affairs are Gujarati, coming from the western Indian state of Gujarat or from the Gujarati community in Bombay. It is now owned by the Jain Center of Southern California. jain population in india Jainism is an ancient religion, which originates from Eastern India. Adherents of Jain immigration began in earnest in the late 1960s and continues to the present day. The Jain population in India according to 2011 census is 0.54% i.e. As noted below, many Jain temples in the United States contain images from both the Digambara and Śvētāmbara traditions. [4] Jain immigration began in earnest in the late 1960s after the passage of the Immigration Act of 1965. In order of population they are: New Jersey, New York, California, Ontario, Michigan, Texas, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, and Massachusetts. Barred from work in agriculture by religious injunctions against causing harm to any life forms, including minute organisms and vegetation, Jains traditionally pursue business and professional careers. It has come down to 15.84 per cent. [9][10], The Federation of Jain Associations in North America is an umbrella organization of local American and Canadian Jain congregations to preserve, practice, and promote Jainism and the Jain way of life. "Religion, Indian American". After the fair, the temple moved to Las Vegas and later to Los Angeles. It replaces the swastika with an om because the former is not considered a pious symbol in the western world. In the early 1990s the World Jain Congress estimated that there were approximately 25,000 Jains in the United Kingdom, 25,000 in the U.S. and 10,000 in Canada. They describe themselves as financially well settled. The Pluralism ProjectHarvard University2 Arrow St, 4th FloorCambridge MA02138, Copyright © 2020 The President and Fellows of Harvard College, V.R. JSMC has a membership of about 1,800 families, the largest membership representation of the Jain Centers in North America. Gandhi at the World’s Parliament of Religions. JAINA is the largest organization of Jains outside India and conducts its various … Jain emigration from India to other countries began with Jains migrating to Britain and British colonies. [13], The Federation of Jain Associations in North America uses a modified version of the standard Jain symbol, the Jain Emblem. The positivity rate for rapid-antigen tests has reduced to 2.61 per cent from 8.39 per cent a few days ago," Jain said. Federation of Jain Associations in North America, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Jain center of Northern California, Milpitas, California, Jain Sangh of New England, Burlington, Massachusetts, Jain Center of Greater Boston, Norwood, Massachusetts, "Virchand Gandhi, A Gandhi Before Gandhi", https://books.google.com/books?id=8dvGJjBHXYsC&pg=PA79&lpg=PA79&dq=Jain+monk+travel+sushil&source=bl&ots=b-vEc78VI7&sig=zZRiP56zp0UOKYyS33teEGPNsag&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwix-4jYh7HVAhXDWT4KHSdNAG8Q6AEIYTAP#v=onepage&q=Jain%20monk%20travel%20sushil&f=false, https://www.parmarth.org/pujya-sadhviji-gives-keynote-at-closing-of-the-jaina-convention/, https://pluralism.org/unity-the-american-context, "US' Rice University to offer post-doctoral fellowship in Jain studies", Federation of Jain Associations in North America (JAINA), Births of U.S. states and territories by race/ethnicity, Race and ethnicity in the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jainism_in_the_United_States&oldid=987438150, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Wikipedia external links cleanup from December 2019, Wikipedia spam cleanup from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jain Temple of Pennsauken Township (Cherry Hill), New Jersey, The Western Order of Jainism by Nathubhai Shah of London (Jain Journal Vol XXX1, No 1 July 1996), Jains and Their Religion in America: A Social Survey by Dr. Bhuvannendra Kumar (Jain Journal Vol XXX1, No 1 July 1996), This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 01:37. As the first practicing Jain to speak publicly in the United States on Jainism, he is a key figure in the history of American Jainism. [14], Florida International University hosts the Bhagwan Mahavir Professorship in Jain Studies, the first Jain Studies chair at a North American university. It was founded in 1981 and formalized in 1983. It is now owned by the Jain Center of Southern California. Adherents of Jainism first arrived in the United States in the 20th century. Others have gone into business as real estate investors, bankers, travel agents, diamond dealers and jewelers, and computer dealers. The Jain community in India represents an affluent and influential minority of the population. The Gurus of India, Uban, SS., Allied Publishers, 1977. [7], As of 2010 the United States contained the most Jain temples of any country in the Jain diaspora. Territory size shows the proportion of the world’s Jain population living there. [1] At least one third of the Jains living outside India live in the United States, numbering close to 150,000. In 1893, Virachand Gandhi became the first Jain delegate to visit the United States, representing Jainism in the first ever Parliament of World Religions. In 2017, it was reported that there are 17,000 Jains in the U.K., 12,000 in Canada, and almost 80,000 in the U.S. Because of this economic stability, and the organizational skills and energy which sustain it, the Jain community has been able to support social and religious centers, create active national and international organizations, and construct temples. Jain Center of Central Ohio (JCOCO) in Columbus, Ohio, Main shrine at Siddhachalam Jain center, New Jersey. [8] They also frequently volunteer at animal welfare organizations. "The positivity rate for RT-PCR tests was 30 per cent on November 7. According to the statistics compiled by Jain organizations, 80% of the North American Jain community lives in ten states in the U.S. and one Canadian province. The first St. Louis Jain temple in the United States was built for the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904. There are around 4,000,000+ followers of Jainism with the majority population based in India. [1], According to The Pluralism Project at Harvard University, "Most American Jains agree that the sectarian streams of Jainism that have been significant in India for 2,000 years are fast losing their currency in 20th century America...The sectarian divisions of the Jain tradition have been left behind as Jain Americans concentrate on the difficult task of appropriating the tradition in a new environment." Data sources The World Christian Database (WCD) was our main source of data for this series of religion maps compiled in 2009. In North America, too, many are professionals. Jain conventions and gatherings in America feature teachings from both sects. [11] Siddhachalam[12] in New Jersey is the first pilgrimage site for Jains outside India, bringing together all Jains in one place for worship, study and reflection.