But “by 2050, the size of China’s population will decline by around 60 million, while the working-age population will decline by 212 million or around 1/3. The low and high-fertility variants in the below graph bracket the probable range of future population change in China while the constant-fertility line assumes that future fertility remains unchanged. This phenomenon is common in developing countries and is known as the Lewis Turning Point. According to China’s Bureau of Statistics, there are on average 27 beds at nursing homes for every 1,000 elderly people in China in 2015, while in 2013 there were 39 beds per 1,000 elderly in the United States and 53 in Germany. Start learning everything you can about Jainism. It is striking that an estimated 23 percent of the elderly in China cannot take care of themselves, while in 2010, only 43 percent of elderly males and 13 percent of elderly females received any financial support from a pension. China’s leaders now face a challenge of reaffirming China’s economic power while addressing prevailing social issues. 6/4/2020 CHROME BOOKS PROJECT. While 41 percent of China’s population saved at a financial institution, only 10 percent borrowed from a financial institution and 17 percent used an account to receive wages. higher levels of income, healthcare, and education. One study estimates that as a result of the one-child policy, there are over 62 million “missing” women (females who would be alive without gender discrimination) in China. For example in Beijing, this fi… When the government eased the one-child policy in 2013, allowing couples where either parent is an only child to have a second child, officials predicted an additional 2 million births in 2014. The Jain population in India according to 2011 census is 0.54% i.e. A 2007 study found a large and statistically significant link between the gender-ratio imbalance for 16-to-24-year-olds and male crime rates in China.2. China still lags major advanced economies along important financial inclusion dimensions including in terms of borrowing and other transaction services (see figure 8). One key difference between China and these other countries is that China is rapidly aging at an earlier stage of its development. China’s fertility rate has fallen to below population replacement levels (the amount of births needed to sustain population size) at just 1.7 children per woman. Assessing Chinese Life Expectancy. The low and high-fertility variants in the below graph bracket the probable range of future population change in China while the constant-fertility line assumes that future fertility remains unchanged. If you develop a deeper understanding of this religion, you’ll be able to spot the countries that have the most substantial Jain populations in the world. Although the one-child policy was gradually relaxed over the last decade, and ultimately abolished in 2015, policy measures alone may not be able to rebalance China’s age distribution in the coming decades. Jain Activity Calendar more. China relies on its young, mobile work force to form the backbone of its economy, but current demographic trends could hamper China’s economic growth and create challenging social problems. Migration nette aujourd'hui : 6 594 391. It's believed that Jains are most educated and wealthy community in India and therefore it maintains its impact on politics and business of India. The tabular representation of Jain population in the major states of India as per 2011 Census data released by the government is: The 2019 population density in China is 153 people per Km2 (396 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 9,388,211 Km2 (3,624,807 sq. Mao Zedong’s famous “barefoot doctors” program trained hundreds of thousands of young Chinese to provide affordable basic care to China’s rural population. The one-child policy, initiated in 1979, limited urban couples to a single child, and as a result China’s fertility rate fell dramatically, from 2.8 children per woman in 1979 to 1.7 in 2014. Updated March 19, 2020. Rape is a global problem. Naissances cette année: 8 216. Research The Subject. Yan Li et. The one-child policy accelerated China’s falling birth rate, but this trend would likely have occurred as a natural consequence of increased incomes and education levels associated with higher economic development. One business-recruitment firm has projected that by 2030 China will round out its thinning labor force by hiring workers from abroad. Ultimately, aging will change the societal intergenerational relationships pitting the economic productive young people against those who are benefitting from social security and medical care payments. The number of Chinese retirees will soon skyrocket, prompting questions of China’s preparedness to provide senior care. The trends behind China’s population growth have fundamentally shifted. China Power. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline, See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy. This decline in birth rate coincided with governmental policies facilitating greater access to healthcare, leading to advances in several health indicators. During the almost four decades that it was in place, the one-child policy worsened gender imbalances that originated in strong cultural and social preference for male children, which tarnished how China was viewed on the global stage. In 2014, there were approximately 41 million more men than women in China, which may become a factor contributing to social instability. In 2001, faced with a massive incoming wave of retirees, Germany passed a major pension reform, reducing pay-as-you-go benefits while encouraging private pension options. Yanzhong Huang, Chapter 6 in Barry Naughton,and Dali L. Yang. The Indians in China are migrants from India to China and their descendants. As a result, China at present lacks many of the welfare capabilities that have aided developed nations during their demographic transition. Japan is the oldest country in the world, and has aged more quickly than most other nations. While China’s fertility rate is comparable with these countries (1.7 in China, 1.4 in Japan and Germany, 1.2 in South Korea, 1.9 in the United States), China has little experience in providing social services to aging populations. At that time, China’s dependency ratio (the number of people below 15 and above 65 divided by the total working population) is projected to increase to 69.7 percent, up from 36.6 percent in 2015. Migration nette cette année-179. The largest share of the world’s religiously unaffiliated population lived in the Asia-Pacific region as of 2010 with over half of the entire world’s unaffiliated people living in China.