Change the target language to find translations. [1], The breeding season of the Little Cormorant falls between May and October, with some minor “variations [due to] changes in the rainy season.”[3] The actual breeding of the Little Cormorant takes place in trees, typically in the company of Darters and Egrets. H, Naheer; NJ Sarker;MK Rahman;SI Kahn (1). [5], Non-breeding in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, Drying its wings in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, Bird in flight over water in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. Residents of the area are fed up with the scores of little cormorant birds (neerkakkas) that have made their homes in these trees, resulting in bird droppings, eggs falling from trees and birds being killed by vehicles. Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata. 0000009616 00000 n ○   Anagrams This is circumstantial evidence that the fluttering and heavy breath-ing caused sufficient loss of water to increase the tonicity of the body fluids. 0000005665 00000 n 0000000827 00000 n  |  body temperatures, and breathing rates. 0000011692 00000 n To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares. Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. ),, The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search. "Breeding Biology of the Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger in Bangladesh". Eco, Cookies help us deliver our services. Watch a Bold Little Bird Dive-Bomb the World’s Largest Fish Scientists are wowed by a video of a cormorant diving underwater to snatch a remora off the side of a whale shark. 0000007716 00000 n breathing to body (cloacal) temperature in a Double-Crested Cormorant weighing 1.34 kilograms. 0000013687 00000 n [5] The Little Cormorant forages in inshore waters, "following a specific foraging pattern, consisting of perching near the inshore water prior to the beginning of the dive...[and then] dropping into the water;" after the first dive, the bird pauses for a short time to recover and then continues to alternate diving and resting for a period of time; the pauses and dive lengths vary with different environmental conditions such as water depth and tide level. [3], The Little Cormorant has a clutch size varying from 2-6 eggs; the birds typically lay eggs at one day intervals, but were sometimes “laid at an interval of two days.” [3] The eggs themselves are relatively pointed at one end and round at the other, measuring a length of 4–5 cm and a diameter of 2.5–3 cm. English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU). With this display the pair formation occurred permanently.”[4], Over the course of its breeding season the Little Cormorant undergoes a variety of morphological changes: In both sexes, at the beginning of the breeding season the color of the feathers dull from black to grey, or as Naher describes they "became ashy with a short occipital crest" or head plume. [3], "Cormorants are almost exclusively fish-eaters;" they drive their prey towards inshore waters by beating the water with their wings and gradually close in on the fish. H�c```g``.b`a`����π 6+s\`�����EJ� FCU �30�12�2H4004~``�� �|����*P�(-�� d�x���� �J` endstream endobj 47 0 obj 96 endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /MediaBox [ 0 0 489 747 ] /Parent 23 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 27 0 R >> /XObject << /im1 45 0 R >> /ProcSet 43 0 R >> /Contents [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 44 0 R ] /CropBox [ 0 0 489 747 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F0 /BaseFont /Helvetica-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 28 0 obj 2025 endobj 29 0 obj << /Filter /LZWDecode /Length 28 0 R >> stream ○   Boggle. [5] The foraging behavior and diving pattern of the Little Cormorant also varies significantly due to other environmental characteristics of the habitat, such as type of fish present or type of body of water. 0000013665 00000 n Find out more. In the absence of heat stress, the breathing rate was about 15 per minute, and respiratory movements were barely visible. [3] At the beginning of the breeding season the male begins his advertisement or sexual display in order to attract a female: In this display, which “occurred repeatedly (2 to 9 times)…the neck was drawn back, the nape was almost or actually touching on the back, the bill was pointed upward, and the tail was spread....Within 1 to 2 days, the male started to display another step in which the wings of the advertised male were partly replaced on the back, the head was drawn back slowly, almost or actually touched the nape, threw forward in a hammer-like stroke, making a slight sound and back to the same positions repeatedly, [after which]… the head was perched…, the bill was opened a bit and the head and the neck feathers were ruffed out.”[4] The female response occurred within two days, and then the birds begin to display together: “the female jabbed with male’s bill, head, nape, rump, tail and calling.  |  The estimated population was 280,000 - 350,000 in 2009: Due to its large population and extremely wide geographic range the Little Cormorant is categorized as least concerned by the IUCN. The Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger) is a member of the Cormorant family of seabirds: Aptly named, the Little Cormorant is small in comparison with other cormorants, only 55 cm in length with an average mass of 442.5 g. [1] Salim Ali describes the Little Cormorant as a "glistening black duck-like water bird with a longish stiff tail and slender compressed bill sharply hooked at the tail." an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc. Rate and amplitude of breathing increased regularly and gradually with increasing body tempera- ture (fig. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata. [4] Also in both sexes, “the whole margin of the gular pouch was observed to become paler,…black bristles like plumes on either side of the beak and white eyelashes were found on the body of the birds,…and a white triangular patch [appears] on the head of the bird.”[3], The nests of the Little Cormorant are often built in mixed colonies: some studies dissent on whether they mix with Storks and Egrets or Flying Foxes and Egrets, but they agree that they have mixed nesting colonies,[3] typically located in trees near some body of water .