Now let's look at the Genitive where it, according to textbooks, shows possession: Дом отца = The house of father = father's house. need a noun in Genitive after them, if there is a possessive pronoun referring to the noun, it is also in Genitive. Here is what they look like in English: nominative - subject e.g. Joni Kärki© 2005-2017 | Sitemap | Last modified: August 31 2017. Well, father should obviously take Genitive as we just saw. To make life a lot easier, you'll only need to learn how to decline мой, твой, свой, наш and ваш. Are broiler chickens injected with hormones in their left legs? When you simplify things for educational purposes, it's always good to mentioned it is a simplified model. Okay. Nominative doesn't have any ending in singular. You must also remember the vowel harmony. may have you thinking the genitive is used here, when in fact it is just the accusative form, that just happens to have the same form as the genitive (this particular form of the accusative is used with animate objects, like people and animals). Measurement units after numbers - genitive plural or nominative singular? When I looked ahead I was surprised to find that these pronouns are further declined by case. But the possessive pronoun мой must agree in case with its object. rev 2020.11.24.38066, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Russian Language Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Can we omit "with" in the expression glow with (something)? @YellowSky You're right, but for educational purposes it might just as well be accidental. Я вижу твоего отца - I see your father. Nominative is the basic case found in dictionaries, it answers the question what?. How do we get to know the total mass of an atmosphere? For example, some Latin names and names from Bible. [Howl's] Moving Castle [Genitive] [The customer] glared. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. What would result from not adding fat to pastry dough, How to make my own professional book step-by-step( there is a course or a book that I didn't find?). Marked below in bold. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Your example would be "Я сегодня увидел свою кошку". a-ending is used, when the word ends with a single vowel (short vowel): ta is used, when there are 2 vowels (vowel is long or a diphthong): Partitive is in same grade as nominative and opposite grade as genitive, thus: You are here > Frontpage > grammar > nominals > Nominative, genitive, partitive, All rights reserved. In your I met my cat example the reflexive possessive pronoun свой must replace the normal possessive pronoun because it refers to the subject pronoun я. Genitive shows the owner, and answers the question whose?. There are several ways Genitive is used in Russian, here are just some of them: Possession. modified by number and gender. Его, её and их look the same in all cases, genders and numbers. That's why the stem transforms. In class we recently covered the nominative possessive pronoun, мой,твой,его, etc. Active 5 years, 9 months ago. Genitive case ends with n. Consonant gradation makes this little bit more complicated; genitive is usually in the weak grade. In both cases, the accusative is used for the direct object (дом and отца), but animate objects just take a different form of the accusative, that happens to look the same as the genitive case. I ate some pie. Я ещё не видел твоего дома. Nominative: Subject case. When should I use genitive personal pronouns versus possessive pronouns? So what happens if it's the house of my father? The name of the possessor must be in Genitive, so if the possessor is "my friend", both "my" and "friend" take Genitive, дом (Nom.) Nominative is the basic case found in dictionaries, it answers the question what?. A sentence like. I see your point. Meaning of the Term "Heavy Metals" in CofA? I accepted his for being so comprehensive, but if I could accept yours as well I would! Let's see. Sometimes the s must be left out, and vowel lengthened: Sometimes de need to be added, if the word ends with -us: The last i becomes e in genitive in some words: If there is a short e in the ending of the word, it becomes long e (e:ee).