Virpi Kemppainen would like to acknowledge the support from the University of Eastern Finland, Department of Nursing Science. Anyone can call in with a question, concern or health issue and gain information while being advised of a plan of action right over the phone. Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Canthia-building, Yliopistonranta 1C, PO Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio. Virpi Kemppainen, Kerttu Tossavainen, Hannele Turunen, Nurses' roles in health promotion practice: an integrative review, Health Promotion International, Volume 28, Issue 4, December 2013, Pages 490–501, https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/das034. 2020: The year that will reshape healthcare, The blood type factor in COVID-19 severity, Innovative approach to treat the electrical inner workings of the heart, Robust data collection essential for health system resilience. The research papers were methodologically very diverse: 16 of them included qualitative approaches; 14 were different types of reviews; 8 were quantitative; 1 used concept analysis and 1 was a mixed-method study. Fourth, one researcher (V.K.) According to these papers the theoretical basis of health promotion reflects the type of practical actions undertaken by nurses to promote the health of patients, families and communities. General health promoters. We, as nurses assume the role of ambassadors of wellness. free digital subscription of hospital news! computers) and health education material (Robinson and Hill, 1998; Reeve et al., 2004; Runciman et al., 2006; Casey, 2007b; Kelley and Abraham, 2007; Wilhelmsson and Lindberg, 2009; Beaudet et al., 2011). (v) Give the cross-links a name of a word or two. However, because of the broad field of health promotion, more research is needed to examine the role of health promotion in nursing (Whitehead, 2011). According to WHO, vaccination prevents up to three million deaths per year. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. The research questions addressed were: (i) What type of health promotion provides the theoretical basis for nurses' health promotion practice? read the titles and abstracts of the remaining 412 research papers. Concepts and examples of nurses' health promotion competencies. Although these studies found empowerment to be one of the most important theoretical bases for health promotion activities by nurses, empowerment was not embedded in nurses' health promotion activities (Irvine, 2007). According to Novak (Novak, 1993, 2002, 2005) the process of concept mapping involves six phases: (i) Identify a key question that focuses on a problem, issue or knowledge central to the purpose of the concept map. Instead, nurses can be considered general health promoters, with their health promotion activities based on sound knowledge and giving information to patients. Immunization is a critical element and cost effective way of promoting preventive care. Everyone will interact with a nurse at some point in their lives. free digital subscription (ii) Identify concepts through the key question. All nurses are expected to promote patients’ health and this includes physical and psychological wellbeing. Of course, without being able to use hands-on assessment skills, this can be limiting when it comes to dealing with an acute scenario. Health promotion and health education viewed as symbiotic paradigms: bridging the theory and practice gap between them, Health promotion and health education: advancing the concepts, The health promoting prison (HPP) and its imperative for nursing, Workplace health promotion: the role and responsibility of health care managers, Health promotion in the practice setting: findings from a review of clinical issues, Reviewing health promotion in nursing education, An international Delphi study examining health promotion and health education in nursing practice, education and policy, Reconciling the differences between health promotion in nursing and ‘general’ health promotion, Health promotion in nursing: a Derridean discourse analysis, Combining evidence in nursing research. supervised the study. According to these studies, this occurred in health promotion when the focus was on diagnosis, physical health and the relief of the physical symptoms of disease. Nurses Role in Health Promotion By Immunization . Burge and Fair, 2003; Irvine, 2005; Whitehead, 2009). In addition, skill-related competence involves teamwork, time management, information gathering and interpretation and the ability to search for information from different data sources (Irvine, 2005; Jerden et al., 2006). This has improved the availability of health-care services, reduced symptoms of chronic diseases, increased cost-effectiveness and enhanced customers' experiences of health-care services (Strömberg et al., 2003; Griffiths et al., 2007). In addition, nurses may lack skills to implement health promotion in their working place (Goodman et al., 2011). were involved in the concept mapping process. The hospital managers were responsible for whether health promotion was a strategically planned and whether it was considered to be of great importance (Whitehead, 2006b, 2009). We found that health promotion and public health orientation have guided nurses' health promotion activities (e.g. was responsible for the drafting of the manuscript. Health promotion by nurses is associated with common universal principles of nursing. Education enhanced nurses' health promotion skills and health promotion projects were catalysts for health promotion in nursing practice (Goodman et al., 2011). Other researchers (K.T. This included a knowledge of: health in different age groups; epidemiology and disease processes and health promotion theories. Nurses can use the internet resources to expand their knowledge about specific conditions or treatments, retrieve materials to integrate into teaching or to help patients use the internet to self-educate. What does it mean, really? In this article the author argues that we already have much of the knowledge necessary to enhance public mental health and that we need to focus more on the factors that promote a state of positive wellbeing rather than on what makes people ill. verified the first and the second phases of the concept mapping process. In addition, personal confidence and flexibility are personal characteristics that nurses working in health promotion are expected to possess (Burge and Fair, 2003; Rush et al., 2005). Depending on the context nurses are able to make use of a variety of types of expertise in health promotion. Why are LTC deaths in BC so much lower than Ontario? Nurses can be classified into: general health promoters, patient-focused health promoters and project management health promoters (Figure 2). The aim of this integrative review was to collate the findings of past research studies (1998–2011) of nurses' health promotion activities. We also found that nurses' individual health-related beliefs and lifestyles are important personal characteristics in health promotion and that nurses are expected to be healthy role models (e.g. These studies revealed that when health promotion for patient groups who need high levels of care and treatment is required, nurses must have the ability to include health promotion activities in their daily nursing practice. K.T. We classified these into multidisciplinary knowledge, skill-related competence, competence with respect to attitudes and personal characteristics (Figure 3).