terminology of contract roles based upon an analysis of the processes of design and construction and presents a terminology that explains the terms in common use and the relationships between them. POLICY. Source: Redrawn from Kramer 2001. The SDDOT Road Design Manual (SDDOT 1992, pp. Ideally, a road should consist of three layers (fig. A glossary with illustrations is provided in order to understand technical concepts and terminology for effective communication with others involved in road design and construction. Since the Latham Report was published, Egan (1998: 12) has proposed that design and construction processes should be explicit and transparent to the industry and its clients. Full-bench road construction design. 3. In Tables 2.1 and 2.2, three types of terrain are identified—level, rolling, and mountainous. PURPOSE. GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION. Each standalone unit covers vocabulary related to a particular topic area ―such as harbours, bridges, tunnels etc―, and is designed to reinforce the grammar knowledge of students and improve their communicative skills. Construction Terminology Cheat Sheet Planning Assignable Square Footage (ASF) Usable square footage within a physical space (measured from finished wall to finished wall). These directions to the Contractor are written as commands. of construction. 2. ANR Publication 8262 rial is not used in the road construction and must be hauled (end-hauled) to an off-site disposal area. 2-7) provides the Rural road type Pavement surface type Maximum superelevation rate Local Paved 0.06 Gravel 0.12 Collector Paved 0.06 Gravel n\a the AASHTO Geometric Guide. Addendum (Addenda) Written information adding to, clarifying or modifying the bidding documents. The sentences which direct the Contractor to perform work, are written in the active voice-imperative mood. 5). The purpose of this Policy is to provide for the publication of a book prescribing the Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction. These Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction are written to the bidder, before the award of the Contract, and to the Contractor. Full-bench construction reduces the risk of fill slope failure but is usually more expensive due to hauling costs. 2.4 Road Construction Plans This section explains how to use roadway engineering views for revegetation planning, including determining the vegetation zones that begin where the pavement ends. 1. Road and bridge construction shall be performed according to the standards set forth in this Policy. • The units have been devised to help learners at this level to improve their knowledge and use of English in an engineering environment.