A stem of a word – is the whole word without ending Soft consonants – are consonants followed by the letters ь, и, е, ё, ю, я. In such instances, consultation with dictionary is recommended to ascertain their gender. | -ия • (-ija) f or m. Denotes agents, from archaic ī-stem nouns of native origin: *sǫdi → съдия́ (sǎdijá, “ judge ”) *svęti → свети́я (svetíja, “ saint ”) *věti → вити́я (vitíja, “ orator ”) (obsolete) *badli → ба́лия (bálija, “ healer ”) (archaic, obsolete) Russian words ending with the suffix -ия (-ija). The best way to tell the gender of such nouns is to memorize it as you progress with your Russian language study. Their gender should be memorized except for nouns mentioned in steps 8-9. The suffix -тель is typical of masculine nouns. Nouns ending on ь can be either Feminine or Masculine. WORD OF THE DAY Again these cases are the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional. Ultimately from Latin -ia or Ancient Greek -ία (-ía), -εία (-eía); found only in words borrowed from other languages (compare German, French -ie). | Nouns ending in -ёнок, -онок are masculine. usually proper names, surnames, geographical names, etc. Russian Nouns Overview: Nouns in Russian are just like nouns in English, the only different is that in Russian nouns change their forms and get different endings by using the 6 cases which help us know the role a noun is playing in a sentence. Fundamental » All languages » Russian » Terms by etymology » Words by suffix » -ия. Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja. Copyright 2001-2020 MasterRussian.com | Privacy My Yahoo! RSS For example, Меню: menu Кофе: coffee Па: pas (French noun, meaning “step”) Пальто: coat Suffix used to create abstract nouns from nouns denoting persons. Need to be memorized. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. All nouns are shown in the nominative singular form in the dictionary (except for nouns that are always plural). There are three genders in Russian: The general rule to determine the gender this nouns, as well as коала, have special +N+Sg+Ine endings in "н" TODO: +N+Sg+Ine endings in "н" Words from Russian in N_RUS_JA end in –ия, our lexicon entries set the stem as ending in –ия, but there is a trigger that causes the final "я" to disappear in some situations. These are Nouns ending in -ь can be masculine and feminine. For instance. masculine, feminine and neutral. Pages in category "Russian words suffixed with -ия" The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. Words ending on the soft letter - ь Sometimes you will come across words that end on the soft letter, and you won't know be able to tell the gender of the noun. Policy | Contact Us. Borrowed from Ancient Greek -ία (-ía), -εια (-eia), -εῖον (-eîon), Greek -ή (-í), -ί (-í); found in loanwords. In the unstressed variant, the stress is frequently drawn onto the preceding syllable. Proper and common nouns, borrowed from foreign languages, ending in –э/-е, –о, –и, –у/-ю, and stressed –а/-я (foreign names and surnames ending in –a decline) are indeclinable. in -ие. Neuter gender nouns have о or е ending (also ие and мя). https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=-ия&oldid=59492407, Bulgarian terms inherited from Proto-Slavic, Bulgarian terms derived from Proto-Slavic, Bulgarian terms borrowed from Ancient Greek, Bulgarian terms derived from Ancient Greek, Russian nouns with multiple argument sets, Russian i-stem feminine-form accent-a nouns, Terms with manual transliterations different from the automated ones, Terms with manual transliterations different from the automated ones/ru, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.