As an essential component of the Compline service, the hymn has been set to music by various composers, including Victoria, Palestrina, Josquin and Lassus. The hymn is sung (using the English translation "Hail, Holy Queen enthroned above") by a choir of nuns in the 1992 comedy film Sister Act, starring Whoopi Goldberg. The "Salve Regina" , also known as the "Hail Holy Queen", is a Marian hymn and one of four Marian antiphons sung at different seasons within the Christian liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church. Consoliere Volume 5 Number 2 April May June 1974: Practical and Distinctive Pieces for the Church Organist, Laudate! Für das Salve Regina hat sich wie für die anderen marianischen Antiphonen die Bezeichnung Antiphon eingebürgert, obwohl es sich nicht um antiphonale, sondern eher um hymnusähnliche Gesänge ohne Bezug zu einem Psalm handelt. [4], It was set down in its current form at the Abbey of Cluny in the 12th century, where it was used as a processional hymn on Marian feasts. [12] This translation gained worldwide popularity after being featured in the 1992 film Sister Act. Hail, Holy Queen, Mother of Mercy, our life, our sweetness and our hope! [3] It was popular at medieval universities as evening song, and according to Fr. Though traditionally ascribed to the eleventh-century German monk Hermann of Reichenau, it is regarded as anonymous by most musicologists. Peter Canisius (d. 1597) noted that one praises God in Mary when one turns to her in song. Latin lyrics sung by the Benedictine Monks of Santo Domingo de Silos. As a prayer, it is commonly said at the end of the rosary.[7]. Charpentier, (5 settings, H.18, H.47, H.23, H.24, H.27), Louis-Nicolas Clérambault, (C.114), Alessandro Scarlatti, Vivaldi, Handel, and Liszt composed their own settings in later years. [10] This hymn was inspired by the pilgrimage devotions at Aufhausen Priory,[10] and contains various salutations taken predominantly from the Salve Regina. [4] While the anthem figured largely in liturgical and in general popular Catholic devotion, it was especially dear to sailors. German priest Johann Georg Seidenbusch published a hymn entitled "Gegrüßet seist du, Königin" in his 1687 devotional book Marianischer Schnee-Berg. This hymn was soon to be found in various forms in many Catholic devotional books, and a Latin translation, "Salve Regina coelitum",[11] was soon created. [3] Its use after Compline is likely traceable to the monastic practice of intoning it in chapel and chanting it on the way to sleeping quarters. (in the version used by Catholics in the United Kingdom and in the Anglo-Catholic version, the wording "mourning and weeping in this vale of tears" is used in the 6th line). The English translation "Hail, Holy Queen enthroned above" first appeared in The Roman Missal in 1884. The Hail Holy Queen is also the final prayer of the Rosary. One of the concluding prayers of the rosary, the Salve Regina is traditionally an evening hymn. [5], In the 18th century, the Salve Regina served as the outline for the classic Roman Catholic Mariology book The Glories of Mary by Saint Alphonsus Liguori. Lawrence Gushee, "Hermannus Contractus [Hermann der Lahme, Hermann von Reichenau]," in, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, "Frisk, M. Jean. "Marian Antiphons", the Marian Library, University of Dayton", "Carol OFM, Juniper. Once again we beseech her help and protection in persevering through this life's sufferings, and obtaining the eternal reward of seeing her Son. Turn then, O most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us, and after this our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus. The Cistercians chanted the Salve Regina daily from 1218. Please consider white-listing Hymnary.org or, Gather Comprehensive, Second Edition #780. Salve Regina University, a U.S. university established by the Sisters of Mercy in 1934, was named in honor of the Salve Regina hymn and motto. In the film, the hymn is initially sung in the traditional style, before shifting into an uptempo, soul and gospel music-influenced arrangement. In some cases, the following versicle, response, and collect are added: Variations exist among most translations. These are often used as spoken prayers. Francis Poulenc composed his setting of the text in 1941. Schubert composed no fewer than seven versions. The work was composed during the Middle Ages and originally appeared in Latin, the prevalent language of Western Christianity until modern times. The Salve Regina is traditionally sung at Compline in the time from the Saturday before Trinity Sunday until the Friday before the first Sunday of Advent. As the mother of our King, we greet Mary as our Queen. [2] Liturgically, the Salve Regina is the best known of four prescribed Marian Anthems recited after Compline, and, in some uses, after Lauds or other Hours. The modern melody first appeared in the 1736 hymnal Geistliche Spiel- und Weckuhr, and Melchior Ludwig Herold's 1808 hymnal Choralmelodien zum Heiligen Gesänge contained the version that is standard today. The "Salve Regina" (/ˌsælveɪ rəˈdʒiːnə/ SAL-vay rə-JEE-nə, Ecclesiastical Latin: [ˈsalve reˈdʒina]; meaning 'Hail Queen'), also known as the "Hail Holy Queen", is a Marian hymn and one of four Marian antiphons sung at different seasons within the Christian liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church. To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve; to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Olivier Latry premiered in 2007 an organ work Salve Regina which reflects in seven movements the lines of the hymn in Gregorian chant. The Salve Regina is traditionally sung at Compline in the time from the Saturday before Trinity Sunday until the Friday before the first Sunday of Advent. Arvo Pärt composed a setting first performed in the Essen Cathedral in 2002. Marian antiphons have been sung, since the thirteenth century, at the close of Compline, the last Office of the day. [citation needed]. In 1976 the words of the first verse of the Salve Regina were used as a repeating theme in the song Oh What a Circus in the musical Evita, with music by Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics by Tim Rice. ''Mariology'', vol.3", "The Rosary: Salve Regina (Hail, Holy Queen)", Godzdogz, Blackfriars, Oxford, October 2, 2014. Tune Title: SALVE REGINA First Line: Salve Regina, mater misericordiae (Hail, Queen of Heaven, hail, our Mother compassionate) Composer: Gerard Farrell, OSB, 1919-2009 Meter: Irregular Key: D Major Date: 2011 Source: Mode V Juniper Carol, it came to be part of the ritual for the blessing of a ship. Ad revenue helps keep us running. Volume 5: Organ Music Based on the 100 Most Popular Hymns in Worship III and Gather, Musica Divina Book One: Choral Improvisations for the Organ, The Sacred Organ Journal Volume 40 Number 3 January February 2006: The Organist's Companion for the Church Year, It looks like you are using an ad-blocker. "Salve Regina", International Marian Research Institute, University of Dayton, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salve_Regina&oldid=990422647, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia without Wikisource reference, Articles incorporating text from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia without Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A 1969 translation by James Quinn, S.J., beginning "Hail, our Queen and Mother blest,", This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 11:27.